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Key factors of home improvement


February 11, 2015 by Martha J. Rodriguez

If house is a material thing that you are living in. Home is something considered warmer. Home is a great combination of house and warmth of family. Therefore, home is not only aiming at a place that you are living in but only where makes you feel warm and comfortable. When you improve your home, it does not mean that you enhance current facilities in your house, it also means that you need to make your house fulfill of warmth and family relationship. However, the question is that how to improve your home successfully and meet the demand above. If you are thinking it is a difficult problem to be solved, you might be so wrong. It is the easiest thing in the world to do.

If you want to do anything successfully, you have to do it with your best and greatest enthusiasm at first. It means that you have to put your heart in your work, pay your most attention for your coming task. You always need to make a plan, a very clear one in terms of task distributions, expenditures and so on. On purpose of enhancing the warmth of your family, you had better ask your whole family members to join hand in the home improvement process. The greatest thing you get after your home improvement is not the new and amazing appearance of your home but the memories your family get after a long time working together.

First, you or one powerful member in your family gathers all of other members to make a plan. What do you have to do with this plan? You need to list all the things you have to do during the home improvement process. It may include cleaning, painting, reorganizing and so on. In each task, you have to take note very clearly who will be in charge of this task. It is helpful to avoid confusion when the work is overload. We also call the making list step preparation before you start home improvement process. After you make a list of things to do, you have to prepare equipment and facilities for the work, for instance paint, ladder, sweeper and so on. There is no need to buy all equipment new, if you do not have them yet, you can borrow them from neighbor or relatives. In case, there is no supporter for the equipment, you can buy some new or even rent them in few days of the home improvement process.

When the home improvement process comes real, it will be more complicated and difficult. However, if you already have a task table, everything will be much easier. Every family member just has to follow the plan. You should also ask your children for help. You should not think that they are too small for work. You can let them do some easy and small task so that they can think they are helpful. This is the way you make every member in your family think they are really a solid group without any gap in terms of age and character. You even can discover some incredible ability of your children through the normal activities like that.

During home improvement process, there is a lot of work for you to do. Besides repairing and replacing old stuff with new ones, some of you repaint your house. It is a great idea of home improvement. The color of your house seems to be one factor that changes your house’s appearance most. Choosing color for walls is not a simple task to do. Each color has their own effects on emotion of viewers and people living in the house. For instance, red is able to increase heart best and raise enthusiasm and energy inside viewers. However, for each room in a house, people can choose different colors. Red is a color that least to be chosen in living room or bedroom. It is often chosen to paint in kitchen or dining room. it is because red has the ability to raise people’s appetite. In kids’ room, you can decorate differently. You might draw some cartoon image on the wall instead of painting a basic color.

You are able to make your home improvement more interesting than ever if you do the right way. I hope that you will succeed to do that.

Problems with mold


February 4, 2015 by Martha J. Rodriguez

Mold myth is one of the most irritating problems with furniture in your house. Everything can be attacked by mold myth if the moisture in your house is too high or even too low. You all know that it is very difficult to control the moisture in one room, not mention the whole house. Therefore, mold myth is a so – called problem for every house owner.

Many house owners ask for help of professional in the field of mold. Some types of mold become myths that are unbelievable. I am going to tell you five mold myths that are hard to believe but it is actually real. I will give these stories along with references to prove they are true and you should trust the source of the information I am going to provide you.

You can search on the internet a great number of stories related to mold myths. However, you should not trust every story you found. It is because it might be made up by some people who are too free to do some things to useful for the world. So who do you should believe in? There are two sources of information about mold that you can completely trust. They are Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Centers for Disease Control (CDC). According to their research, mold is extremely toxic to people who live near. Mold often lives in high moisture condition, less light and heat. Mold can have some bad effects on human’s health, especially aspiratory problems. When you have children, it is easy for them to have some aspiratory diseases and these diseases will not end until you terminate the cause of them – molds in your house.

Now, you should know some so – called myths about mold.

  • Black mold: Black mold is the most toxic mold among all types of mold. The black mold is also called Stachybotrys. The most dangerous feature of the most toxic mold is that it can change its color depending on its growing environment. As a result, you can see some dark green Stachybotrys and even some tan ones. However, fortunately, the color of the mold does not determine how toxic it is.
  • Poison: it is reported that mold is toxic. Many people also believe that blue cheese is toxic. And another joke is that our head will be toxic to death if we put our head under water for 4 – 5 minutes. Lucky news for all people is that there is no document to prove that mold’s poison is linked to human death.
  • Mildew. If you have not known that mildew is a type of mold then now you know that is true. However, you should know the distinction. For instance, BMW and Mercedes both are cars but they are not one. Similarly, mildew is a mold but it grows on plant, not walls. As a result, no worries, it does not harm your walls or your house. So leave it alone.
  • Mold removal. It is very easy to deal with mold problems. Wiping or spraying mold with bleach is an acceptable way to remove mold on the walls. Dead molds can create some problems with aspirator of family members so that after you kill them all, you should sweep them all.
  • Mold effect. Some molds are invisible and effects of mold often take on individual. Therefore, sometimes, you are affected by mold but neither other members do.



Tips to choose a best garage door for your garage


January 27, 2015 by Martha J. Rodriguez

People say that finding a garage door is one of the easiest and most affordable methods to raise a home value when you want to sell your house with good deal or improve your house and current quality of living. A good garage door is what makes your garage distinctive from that of other neighbors. Question here is that what features to determine a good garage door. Is that a best garage door opener? May be, but there are many other required features to make your garage door the best. Click here to find out what they are.

There are three most popular types of garage door. The first is retractable door, the second one is canopy side and the last one is Hinged Sectional Retractable. If there is a limited space in the drive way, a sectional garage door is considered the best choice. It is because sectional garage door open and shut vertically. As a result, your car is allowed to park very close to the door but keep it close. Beside sectional garage door, upward and self storing ones are also very popular and preferred by many house owners.

Garage door categories

People used to use gone garage door as manual doors. Nowadays, people are more in favor of remote controlled and automatic garage doors. They are much easier to use and repair when they have defect. The overhead garage door is more popular than any other style of garage door.

The material used to manufacture the garage door is one of the most concerning point in planning your garage door. There are few aspects to select garage door material: style of home, house size and level of warmth house owner want to make their garage be. In garage door construction field, constructors mainly choose 3 kinds of materials including wood, steel and fiberglass. Garage door material is somehow as concerning as home style. You might consider some popular styles of the garage door below.

  • Overhead garage door: It is considered the most popular style of garage door by many house owners. With this garage door style, almost everything self operate automatically from stop and begin features. Therefore, there is no need for you to spend energy on opening and closing your garage door like before. Many people commented that it is very easy to use with variety of options and safety features. In details, overhead garage door has a rolling system. It rolls up and down when you open and close the door. It works very smoothly and safely. Beside, the overhead garage door is favorite by many house owners because it is easily installed and repaired when there is any defect and faults during operating. Some popular overhead garage door brands are Garaga, Liftmaster, Raynor or DBCI and so on.
  • Materials: In terms of material, wood is very appealing to house owners. Outstanding features of wood garage doors are not durability and weather endurance but appearance and affordability. The durability is a fixable feature. You can choose the type of wood which is solid; as a result, it will endure better than other types of wood. The solid wood garage door can last for such a long time without any change in appearance. However, when you operate a wood door garage, it is a bit difficult if it is roll- up system. Garage door designers often design garage doors with panel or flush construction. If it is a panel door, a wooden frame is fitted with several separate, rectangular panels. For the other type of wood garage door, there is a plywood panel on the top of wooden frame. It can be easy to recognize the disadvantage to use a wooden garage door is that the wooden garage door is affected much by the weather. It can be stretched or cracked along with changes of the weather. As a result, you often have to repaint or renew your garage door.
    • Steel garage door: in comparison with wooden garage door, steel garage door seems to have not any disadvantage of wooden garage door. The weather is unable to affect much on the steel garage door. There is no need to repaint and refinish your garage door frequently. Steel garage door’s durability is undeniable. Moreover, with many different types of steel, there is a wide range of garage door appearance for house owners to choose. Hot – dipped galvanized steel is the most popular types of steel used to make steel garage door. This material doesn’t rust or require repainting like wooden garage doors. Another attractive point of using steel garage door is that it can maintain the beauty of appearance after a great deal of time being used, which wooden garage doors can’t do. With new techniques, garage door designers even can create steel garage doors just to look exactly like wooden ones. Steel garage doors seem to be very perfect, but there is only one disadvantage of this type of garage door. It is really hard to repair steel garage doors when it is out of order. You have to hire worker to repair garage door instead of doing it yourself. Therefore, it really costs money.
  • Fiberglass: fiberglass is a new type of materials in garage door manufacturing industry. It is also called GRP. This type of door is best applied in a dark garage door which needs much more lights. A fiberglass garage door can last very long, even as long as a steel garage door. However, you have to clean it more frequently than when you install a wooden or steel garage door. It is because, the purity of the fiberglass is important to catch the lights into your garage. Besides, it has great features of durability and toughness which raises its price significantly. If you are looking for a garage door that can live as long as you can live, you have to try a fiberglass garage door.

In conclusion, each type of garage has their unique features. To choose for you a best garage door, you have to base on many characteristics of your house and the weather there and so on.



January 18, 2015 by Martha J. Rodriguez

Cycling is a typical form of exercise which help improving your health. However, have you already known what cycling brings to your health?



• Promote the function of heart and lung: many scientific experts research that cycling trains all the parts in body. In addition, cycle everyday can help not only boosting the blood circulation but reducing the aging process.
Bicycle is known to be one of the best methods which can blow away these cardiopulmonary problems.

• Enhance the physical appearance and patience: do exercises by riding a bike will make an improvement on your muscular function. As a consequence, you can strengthen both the hips and knees.
When practicing regularly, your will recognize the significantly improvement on the stamina. People who ride a bike everyday don’t often realize that after riding for a long time, they will be able to cycle for a longer road.

• Improve mental health: cycling outdoor elates your mental health. This moderate physical activity stimulates the body to excrete a type of hormone called endorphins β. Therefore, people will experience a sense of excitement and euphoria.
Besides, using the whole body to cycle will cause the blood vessels narrowed. As a result, your brain consumes more oxygen so as to make your mind becomes more intelligent.


1. Longer legs:

You may find it strange; however, it is true. Cycling provides one of the best conditions for those who want to promote their height. Through the exercise lessons, you have to lean on your legs and put more effort on spinning the wheel.

2. Raise emotions:

In the modern life, dealing with a lot of tasks always puts your mind in the state of stress. However, you still have to move on and get through all the challenges. Just choose cycling and it will help your mind relax after working for a long day.

3. Lose weight effectively:


Bicycle devices is an indispensable tool for girls who want to lose weight. The ability to consume a large amount of calories in a short time promotes cycling to be the most common practice for people at all age.
Doing regular exercises, you will get a healthy body. To illustrate, the slim will tone tightly and waists are narrowed as well.


• Do not believe in any kind of medicine that can help you reduce the weight in a short period of time. In contrast, those medicine will damage your health in the future or even destroy the digestive system.

• You should create the regularly plan to practice. Cycling continuously for hours will affect the muscle in your back and hips. Due to the structure of the bike, your legs and groins have to bear the body weight. As a result, it is not good for the reproductive system.

• For girls who want to have a perfect body, using exercise bike help losing weight better than cycling outdoor. You will be able to control the speed, practice at high speed without danger. You can take a look at some exercise bike brands such as Sole Fitness to pick one machine for your own. For example, the Sole Fitness SB700 Exercise Bike is a state of the art electronic bike. It helps burning fat on your legs through the training process.

In conclusion, there are many benefits that cycling brings to our life. For those who have never cycle, just create the habit of doing exercises for yourself. Besides, people who cycle every day, keep moving to get a better health.

All creatures small and smaller


January 16, 2015 by Martha J. Rodriguez

Great-North-American-HikingThe venerable Sierra Club cup, always ready when you were to scoop a restorative drink from a mountain stream, is best suited these days to holding paper clips on a desktop. Long ago, North American hikers begrudgingly accepted the pervasiveness of the waterborne parasite Giardia lamblia. They know too well that untreated water from even the most pristine-looking source can bring weeks or months of unforgettable gastro-intestinal agony.

Fortunately, Giardia is a big lunk among disease-causing organisms. Its cysts (the protozoan’s hardy, “immature” stage, which is easily transmitted) measure a whopping (as you look through a microscope) 5 to 8 microns across, and are easily blocked by a respectable water filter. Things become more complicated when you travel to developing countries, where smaller and nastier microorganisms abound. That’s why many portable filters stop organisms as small as 0.1 micron, thwarting unwanted bacterial souvenirs such as typhoid and cholera (the latter now epidemic in parts of Latin America). Even so, no filter is fine enough to stop viruses, such as polio and hepatitis A; only boiling, chemical disinfection, or drinking nothing but Perrier from the poolside bar will protect you from these.

While it may cramp your wilderness experience, filtering is preferable to boiling and chemical treatment. Vigorously boiling water for one minute (three to four minutes at high altitude) works well, but consumes fuel and leaves the water tasting flat. Chemicals (iodine tablets or crystals are the most common) take from 20 minutes to an hour, depending on the water’s clarity, acidity, and temperature. Iodine leaves a distinctly un-pristine after-taste, and can be harmful to people with thyroid problems and to fetuses.

Most portable water filters are octopus-like contraptions that consist of a hand-operated pump and a filter canister with two dangling hoses; you dip the intake hose into a lake or stream, then pump water through one or several ever-finer screens and out the other hose. The most convenient models have “prefilters” that stop coarse particles before they can clog the works, and outlets that latch directly onto a waiting bottle or bag, so you have fewer items to juggle. Some large-volume systems use gravity instead of a pump to push water through the filter. They treat as much as two gallons in one swoop, but must be hoisted from an overhead branch (not included) and are usually much slower than pump models.

While a filter’s ability to mix micro-organisms is most important, other things to consider are convenience, weight, ease of cleaning (all filters clog eventually), and cost (you can spend from $30 to $240 to keep from doubling over amid spectacular scenery). A filter element may claim to last “100” or “500” gallons; those figures, however, are more valid in the lab than in nature. When pumping becomes difficult, clean the unit; when that doesn’t help, replace the filter canister.

One of the cheapest filters is the $30 Timberline, a no-frills plastic device that weighs just six ounces. It filters undesirables down to 2 microns, which won’t protect you from anything smaller than Giardia–but that’s all most North American hikers need. It fills a quart bottle in about 90 seconds. The Timberline’s cartridge can’t be cleaned; after about 400 quarts you’ll need to buy a $15 replacement. Its short intake hose and puny handle make it awkward to use, but whaddaya want for 30 bucks?

The top-selling First Need Deluxe stops nasties as small as 0.4 micron. It costs $55; an optional $10 prefilter and a cap that connects the pump directly to a Nalgene-brand water bottle are, in fact, essentials. First Need weighs 12 ounces, and pumps about one quart in two minutes. When clogging slows the pump, the filter can be back-washed, or replaced (after 400 quarts) for about $28.

The $140 MSR WaterWorks filter is one of the easiest to use because of its farmyard-style pump lever (the others have plungers), a four-foot-long intake hose, and its ability to clamp onto a Nalgene bottle. Its intricate four-filter mechanism removes gunk as small as 0.1 micron, weights 18 ounces, and screens a quart of water in about 90 seconds. The pump can be disassembled and cleaned in the field, but you’ll need to pore over 19 pages of instructions first.

The Katadyn PF uses a ceramic filter that outlasts the membrane or carbon versions used by most other systems. The manufacturer estimates that the filter element can process 5,000 gallons (with regular cleaning) before being replaced. That’s 10 to 100 times more water than other filters, which helps compensate for its steep $250 price. Cleaning the PF can be tricky, though, because you must brush off the accumulated organisms inside the cartridge, possibly exposing yourself to pathogens. The PF filters down to 0.2 micron, weights 23 ounces, and pumps one quart per 90 seconds. Its small plunger is uncomfortable to use, and it has a spout instead of an outlet hose, so filling water bottles takes dexterity.

purifierThe Pur Explorer ($130) and Pur Scout ($60) are the only true “purifiers” in the bunch, because water is exposed to an “iodine resin matrix” that inactivates bacteria and viruses after the water has been filtered for protozoans such as Giardia. A carbon-filter attachment ($20) that eliminates the slight iodine aftertaste is worth considering. The Explorer weighs 21 ounces, effortlessly pumps about one quart per minute, and can be cleaned without opening the filter element. The cheaper Scout weighs only 12 ounces; it pumps about one quart in two minutes and lacks the self-cleaning ability of the Explorer.

A few fundamentals apply to all filters: To prevent yours from clogging too quickly, start with the cleanest water possible. If only sedimented water is available, strain it through a coffee filter or let it settle in a pot; avoid stagnant ponds as well as swiftly flowing water (the latter carries large amounts of particles). Don’t draw water from the surface or let the intake hose touch bottom. Don’t let the outlet hose touch anything that could contaminate it, and make sure your water containers are themselves cleaned with treated water. Finally, don’t let a clinical approach to nature overwhelm you: It’s a microscopic jungle out there, but these beasts are easily kept at bay.


Hikers can use portable water filters to protect against bacteria as small as .1 microns, including Guardia lamblia, typhoid and cholera. Using, purchasing and maintaining portable water filters are discussed.

On the trail again


January 14, 2015 by Martha J. Rodriguez

It was from the base of Prayer Rock that Lynn Krause set out last September, leading ten people on a Sierra Club outing to the wildlands of the Navajo Reservation in northeastern Arizona. The monument Lynn chose to mark the start of our week-long trek was so impressive that I wondered if everything else along our route might pale by comparison. I needn’t have worried: Each day some equally remarkable arch, cave, butte, mesa, or canyon materialized to astonish us. Clearly Lynn had laid out the excursion in part for dramatic effect. As Sierra Club trip leaders generally do, she had painstakingly scouted the territory we were to traverse, mapping a hiking route that would both challenge and dazzle us.

I had singled out Lynn’s trek from among more than 350 outdoor adventures described in last year’s Outings Catalog (included, as always, in the January/February issue of Sierra), seduced by her promise of exploring mountains that “soar above blue deserts and fiery-red Windgate sandstone.” I had never thought of any desert as blue, but later, standing on a cliff in Broken Flute Valley and gazing out at silver-blue sagebrush crowding up to the edges of arroyos cut deep into the earth, I saw what Lynn meant.

I was lured also by the prospect of following “ancient Anasazi routes and Navajo sheep trails.” Though no archaeologist, I was curious about Anasazi culture, and welcomed a chance to see their now-crumbling cliff dwellings, faded pictographs and petroglyphs, and scattered postsherds. The idea of resorting to sheep trails struck me as odd at first, given the Sierra Club’s aversion to livestock-trampled land. But I knew that Navajo culture is bound up with the raising of sheep–the tribe has fought and bitterly lost battles with the U.S. government over grazing rights–and I found the thought of the trails somehow inviting. If on the one hand our group would be stepping in sheep dung and rambling through overgrazed pastures (as turned out to be the case, with virtually every tuft of grass on the range chewed to the roots), on the other we would be following paths bespeaking tumultuous years of Navajo history.

Perhaps the clincher for me, though, was the promise that a Navajo guide would accompany us. Charles Howe of Cove, Arizona, knows the land well; he had twice before worked with Lynn in guiding Sierra Club trips around his remote corner of the reservation. His presence among us was not arbitrary: The Navajo Nation requires trekkers on its land to be accompanied by a member of the tribe. This proved to be not a restriction but a benefit, since Charles gladly related his people’s beliefs to us and, at the end of the trip, built a sweat lodge in which we cleaned ourselves of six days’ dust and any lingering worldly cares.

Our “Highlight” trip–a small-scale version of the now-defunct Sierra Club High Trip–enjoyed the services of still another key player. Peggy Taylor of Flagstaff was our packer, negotiating her four-wheel-drive vehicle over precarious jeep roads in order to meet us each night with our commissary, personal gear, and water supply. She oversaw most camp functions, and enabled us to hike sunup to sundown with the lightest possible load: just daypacks holding three quarts each of water and the day’s lunch fixings.

Sierra Club tripI can’t say whether the participants on this outing–a thoroughly engaging and capable group of women and men –were exactly the sort who routinely sing up for Sierra Club trips. I’d venture to guess, though, that we were typical in one respect: We possessed widely varying degrees of interest in the Club’s conservation efforts. Some of us were ardent wilderness advocates, signers of petitions, and writers of letters to Congress, while others claimed no particular fondness for environmental activism at all, their sole interest in the Club being its outings program. How this group of total strangers was able to spend a week together without getting on each other’s nerves is hard to say, but I suspect it’s not uncommon on Club outings. On our trip, I think it had to do with the respect we gained for each other as we pushed ourselves to the limit, hiking together through the caprices of weather and the uncertainties of terrain, seldom complaining.

I also believe our group harmony had much to do with our humble attitude in the face of that immense landscape. For all of our conversation on the trail and around evening campfires, the most profound voices any of us heard were inner ones, those that speak loudest in the wilderness.


A Sierra Club trip to Navajo Reservation in Arizona is described. The trek explored the landscape along Navajo sheep routes and ancient Anasazi routes and was accompanied by a Navajo guide.

Hunting tips (Part 2)


January 12, 2015 by Martha J. Rodriguez

The following tips will further research on how to perform the most effective hunting for all kinds of hunters.

  1. Blood trail and how to find and follow it

You know that move quietly is one of the important principles for tracking. In this case, it is still true. You can use the blood trail to identify the target in case you can not shoot them in the first time. If you go together with other hunters, talk with each other by body language such as hand signals or head shake. You should mark the blood trail with some signals such as a stick with white cloth or a flag which can help you to find the way back easily and can remove them when the task is completed.

  1. Never give up

This is one of the very important and essential skills for hunting. Sometime, the blood trail can give you to nothing maybe because the animal is just slight hurt and you can not find them easily but actually they are wounded. You should not give up, just focus on your tracking carefully.

  1. Mark the place when animal is shot

For some hunters even when they can get the target and the animal, in this case, mostly the birds, they can not find their target just because they need to go somewhere before coming to find the bird. So you must know how to mark the place you just hunt your animal so you can come back to find your results.

  1. Aware of some fake actions of animal

For some animal they can have some actions of fake death, meaning they will pretend to fall or to drop immediately when you shoot them. You may think that they are dead then take a rest but at that time they will run off very quickly so you must beware of this kinds of behavior and prepare for the next shooting right after. For some big animal, they even wait for the hunters to attack back so you must know at least some smart actions of the animal you are going to hunt.

  1. Identify if the animal is dead or not

This is very important because when the animal, especially the dangerous and big one lying it does not mean that they are totally dead. It can be very dangerous for you if you get close to them without any protection. The animal eyes are closed does not mean that they are dead. You can throw a stone or some hard things to check if they are alive or not. You can stand far to see their reaction before deciding to get closer to them. Or some can shoot once more time to make the case sure.

  1. Look for the blood

When you decide to track the blood trail, you should not focus on the ground only, the blood can be in the tree leaves, grass heads on in the branches of the trees or anywhere else along the path. Sometimes, we just follow the ground and forget all the clues off the ground.

  1. Do not follow another hunter

If you are on the track of the deer for example, and you can see some other hunters in front of you so you should not follow him. A safe distance for all hunters will be half mile or more because you can hurt yourself when working too close with other hunters for hunting the same target. If you know that he or she is tracking your same target you should think of finding another target to avoid any accidents which might happen in this case.



Hunting tips (Part 1)


January 7, 2015 by Martha J. Rodriguez

For all hunters, right hunting strategies is very important in achieving accurate shooting quickly and at the same time can well protect themselves in any accidents. The hunting tips series will reveal a range of hunting strategies collected by many experienced hunter and experts for hunting.

  1. Be as slow as possible

When you are on your hunting, you should always bear in mind that you must move as slowly as possible. Hunters, especially, beginners do not remember this trick. You have to identify your time to stand still to wait or to keep track of your target. You must be quiet and silent until you can get or see your target. Do not make noise, it is the first important hunting tips.

  1. Listen to the noise and stop

This means there are many kinds of animal who will stand still for a very long time so if you do not wait for them to move you can not catch them. In all cases, you will be the one who move first then they can identify it. You just stand listen to the noise making by them then wait as long as possible when you can target them.

  1. Special deer hunting

Deer is considered as very quick animal, for hunting deer hunters must be quite quick also. One of the features of deer running is that there will be noise as when they run so fast we can hear the footfalls.

  1. Stand in the opposite direction

If you go hunting as a group, then you should try to arrange your team. Normally for deer they will stand still when knowing that they are being caught and they will run in the opposite direction with the hunter who is shooting them. You should arrange someone in the opposite direction of your shooting to catch them up.

In case you walk alone, it is advised that you should walk around, making a lot of noise, walking back and forth. This can make the deer become confused and do not know how to hide and where to run. By doing that you can be able to shoot some who is so confused on running away.

  1. Having your own boundary

There is the way that you will build your own boundary, meaning you can use fence or trees or any things you find it useful to make your own boundary for hunting. Leave it for a time then come back, you can find some animal is going to make your own boundary their house.

  1. Guess the speed and direction of the target

Some animal will have the special speed and the habit of running in the same direction. By knowing that, you will find it very easy to catch them without any effort.

  1. Follow the evidence of the target

For some animal, such as the quarry they will leave back some signal when they move. You have to be smart in this case by following these signals then you can find where they are very easily. But do not follow them too strictly.

  1. Choose the hiding place

When you choose the place to wait or stand you must choose somewhere which you can easily change your air gun or air rifle direction without making noise and this place must be comfortable for you to stand and wait. Some may stand in the bush which can make them allergic or bitten by some other insects. Or some will wait under the dry leaves which can create noise when you have to move even slightly to change the direction.


How to choose a scope for a normal air rifle


January 5, 2015 by Martha J. Rodriguez

For all air-gunners, in order to perform an accurate shooting, a scope is very important but not everyone can be able to choose a good and suitable scope for their air rifle. It is the truth that there will be some kinds of scopes in the market which can meet your demand but you might be unable to buy a right one. There is a lot of knowledge about scopes that the hunters should know when selecting the scope for an air rifle.

Types of scope

Variable-power scope can be one of the very normal and popular scopes for every time and for a wide range of hunting purpose. When you use this scope for the short distance it is very bright and clear while for longer distance it is able to identify the target correctly still.

Another kind of scope is the scope used for short distance, by expressing in a terminology way it is called low powered scope. Because the live target, meaning animals they will move around so a wider view of them is very necessary as the result this kind of scope will work out. A scope marked 4-12 can be an ideal choice for you.

A Nikon P 223 3×32 is another good choice for the case because of its great performance, clear glass and can fit well with the Nikon P-series to mount the scope. Review for any kinds of Nikon P scope, especially a Nikon P 223 3×32 can be found in the Nikon P 223 3×32 review website of Nikon products.

But if your air rifle has a powerful spring then you can take the two-way recoil and so as to prevent the ability of slippage you can get a scope mount which can have a positive recoil stop.

Some terminologie
Normally, in all the scope there will be some signals marked in the products by the manufacturers with the purpose to show the customers about the features and characteristics of the scope. For example, there will be a familiar group of number such as 5 X 30? So what is the meaning of this group of number? In fact, number 5 normally implies the magnification power of the scope. A 5 scope can help to make the image 5 times larger while the 10 scope power can do the same thing but 10 times larger. Therefore, when you choose the scope you should know which level of magnification of the target you would like to see through the scope because the higher the magnification is the smaller area around the target you can see. It is one of the disadvantages of having a big magnification scope.

With a high magnification you can see very small animal such as an ant, mosquito and so on but you can not see exactly the environment or the background around the target because now it looks like blur. In this case, you can use the lens to support but it can not help to increase the lights of the higher magnification.

Almost all scopes will have a wide range of variable power, which can be implied in the name of the scope. The above has explained to you the meaning of the terminology 5 X 30, but in many cases you will see the terminology of 5 – 10 X 30 so what is the meaning of that? The number ranges from 5 – 10 showing the variability of the scope in terms of magnification. In other words, the magnification of this scope can vary from 5 to 10 times with the objective lens is 30 mm. There will be a ring on the body of the scope with the number ranging from the smallest to the highest number of magnification, you can roll the ring with the trigger pointing to the times of magnification you would like your scope to be. In general, the variable power scope is very fond of because it can offer many choices. A low power scope as mentioned above is very useful in case of sighting your gun and the high power scope will be used when you would like to shoot the target in longer distance while the variable power can satisfy both the demand just in one scope.

Using your scope

There is the term that the hunters are going to use very often when talking about the scope; it is “focus a scope”? Meaning when you would like to focus a scope, it does not mean that it will make your target to look so bright through the scope. You focus the scope means you adjust the eye piece to get the reticle boundary as sharp as possible. You only need to focus the scope one time and keep it like this, or change it only if you would like to change the focus.

So as to do the focus of the scope, you should look around the light color wall of the scope, then you can see the reticle being in the sharp focus. If the reticle is not in a sharp model then you have to adjust the focus ring (same as the magnification ring) until the sharp model is obtained.

For some kinds of scope, there can be a diopter indicator. When the scope is successfully focused, it is limited to change unless your eyes would like to change meaning you would like to change your focus. It is an important principle that all hunters must know when using the scope for an air rifle.



January 1, 2015 by Martha J. Rodriguez

Like freshwater fishing, sea fishing has a lot of interesting things, to get high efficiency in sea fishing trip, you should consult some sea fishing experiences that would be ideal luggage for your fishing trips.

Conquering undersea creatures is a joy of many anglers but how to get great efficiency is a matter that everyone concern. Besides choice of appropriate fishing tools, other factors also play important rule in your trip.


Vast ocean is an ideal place for your fishing trips, however, you cannot always catch fish conveniently and easily on the sea at any time. You need to choose appropriate time if you want to fish effectively, winter days with wind and rain may not be suitable because the fish will avoid finding food and shelter till the end of winter (including species in water surface). Then summer and autumn would be an ideal time for sea fishing.

Fishing baits


Like the freshwater fish, sea fish also like eating kinds of fresh bait which are fascinating and attractive. You can select the types of bait such as shrimp, fish, earthworms or some kinds of food such as banana,.. if you do not have time to prepare, you can choose fake bait which is sold at fishing tool stores.

But if you have time you should make kind of bait that is mixture of various foods, this type smells good and attracts fish easily.

Fishing point

Most individuals prefer to live in areas where ephemeral food sources, shelter locations have therefore ideal for fishing in the rocks, rocks or coral reefs bring you many more trophies.
Many people think that it is only efficient when fishing on the sea, but there are many locations such as rock dale, underground plain..which also bring high efficiency. Fishing at underground plain or coral island will bring anglers a lot of spoils, there are places that most fish like to live at because of its resource of abundant food and ideal shelters.

Choice of fishing rod


Another important factor is choosing sea fishing rod. According to the experiences of many profession anglers, you should select the rod type including high quality, suitable flexure and rod of Shimano brand name with high carbon content.

The sea fishing trip will become more attractive and interesting when you have many experiences about catching fish on the sea, this is the basic luggage for the anglers when choosing fishing as a joy in summer days. Beside choosing fishing rod, remember fishing reel. The best reel for fishing is Shimano Curado E, This version of the Curado is the best that there is. For the extra fifty bucks, you get a much smoother and more durable reel with this one compared to the G series. They’ve upgraded the crank and drag gears to stainless steel instead of plastic which makes for a much finer quality when casting and fighting fish. You can refer your friends or customer’s reviews in amazon to get more information.